Work in Progress!
1663 - 1705: Guillaume Amontons, Deaf Scientist (FR)
Guillaume was born in Paris, France. While still young, Guillaume lost his hearing, which may have motivated him to focus entirely on science.
He never attended a university, but was able to study mathematics, the physical sciences, and celestial mechanics. He also spent time studying the skills of drawing, surveying, and architecture. He died in Paris, France.
1764 – 1786: John Goodricke, Astronomer (UK)
John Goodricke FRS (17 September 1764 – 20 April 1786) was an English amateur astronomer. He is best known for his observations of the variable star Algol (Beta Persei) in 1782.
1857 - 1935: Konstantin E. Tsiolkovsky, Rocket Scientist (RU)
Konstantin E. Tsiolkovsky (1857-1935) "The Father of Rocketry." He educated himself by reading books in his home library, particularly those on science and mathematics. He discovered physics which led him to develop inventions, such as ideas for steam-driven and wind-propelled carriages, paper aerostats, and lathes.
1898 - 1972: Olaf Hassel, Astronomer (NO)
Olaf Hassel (1898-1972). Hassel was a Norwegian astronomer.